Have you ever had a ring dig into your finger or your feet wouldn’t fit into your favorite shoes because they’re swollen? This is swelling caused by the accumulation of fluid in the body.
Bright Side learned the most common reasons for swelling and how to get rid of it.
What you can do: Limit your salt consumption. If food seems bland, use herbs and spices.
If the swelling is accompanied by itching and redness, it’s an allergy.
What you can do: If the swelling is rapidly developing and touches the neck and face, you need urgent medical care. If the swelling is small, antihistamines will help.
Hormonal failure is another reason for fluid accumulation in the body. If you have an abdominal distension, swollen legs, or gained some weight, it’s most likely a hormonal edema.
What you can do: Change your diet: eat protein-rich foods, and reduce the amount of sweet, spicy, and salty foods. Visit your endocrinologist or gynecologist, who will choose the treatment.
5. Kidney diseases
Swelling that appears on the face mainly in the morning can signify problems with the kidneys. In addition to this, you may notice lower back pain and a change in urine color.
What you can do: Follow a diet. Sleep on your back (sleeping on your stomach can lead to swelling of your face). Visit a nephrologist.
4. Heart diseases
Swelling of the legs and abdomen can indicate heart diseases if accompanied by pain in the chest, fatigue, or dyspnea.
What you can do: Cardiac edema shouldn’t be treated at home. You should visit a cardiologist.
Swelling can occur as a result of taking certain types of medications – for example, antipyretic, analgesic, or birth control pills.
What you can do: If the medicine causes swelling, consult a doctor. Perhaps it can be replaced with an analog that doesn’t give such side effects.
Those who have to spend much of the day standing or sitting may have leg edema.
What you can do: People with a sedentary job are recommended to take regular breaks to do a little workout. It’s also recommended to stop crossing your legs. If you stand a lot during the day, take the opportunity to sit, have a self-massage, and wear comfortable shoes and compression socks.
At the initial stage of dehydration, your body starts to accumulate liquid for later. As a result, your ankles, wrists, and the bottom part of your belly may become swollen.
What you can do: Drink at least 1.2 liters of water a day, and avoid coffee, alcohol, and carbonated drinks.
Remember, swelling doesn’t always indicate a pathology, and it can appear even in healthy people during hot weather because of uncomfortable shoes or after consuming large amounts of liquid and salty foods.
Illustrated by Daniil Shubin for Bright Side